Correction and apology
The article below makes reference to Chelsea Manning passing through Ireland’s Shannon airport en route to Iraq.
We now know from direct communication with Chelsea that this was not the case and that she did not pass through Shannon airport at any time, although nearly 2.5 million other US soldiers have done so. The use of Shannon by the US military is an ongoing and contentious issue in Ireland.
The information apparently came from a member of Manning’s Unit and was passed onto us in good faith by a trusted source. We apologise for this error and any confusion it has caused.
WISE Up, May 2015
Chelsea Manning’s 27th birthday, the fifth she has spent in prison for telling the truth, was marked in a number of cities around the world including Dublin and London. See these reports from Noise Demo at the US Embassy and Vigil on the Steps of St. Martin-in-the-Fields, London.
17 December 2014: At the Dublin GPO
See also this report on the Vigil by Afri, an Irish organisation working for global justice and peace. Afri has been instrumental in building a base of solidarity for Chelsea Manning in Ireland and has been involved in organising and supporting visits by family members to Dublin (see Manning Family Fund for reports) as well as the Manning Truthfest in Pembrokeshire. In January this year, a group of Irish artists and musicians led by actor and playwright Donal O’Kelly travelled to Wales to organise this successful solidarity event, something they hope to repeat in the future.
Video from the Vigil
A group of over 30 people – many of whom had met members of Chelsea Manning’s family during their Dublin visits or at the Truthfest – gathered together at the GPO in Dublin at 6pm on 17 December to mark Chelsea’s birthday.
Organised by Ruairí McKiernan and Afri, the vigil was supported by grassroots anti-war activists, groups such as Amnesty International Ireland and numerous TDs including Mick Wallace, Clare Daly, Joan Collins, Maureen O’Sullivan, Joan Collins and Senator David Norris, some of whom had heard members of Chelsea’s family speak about her plight during a meeting with TDs and Senators held at the Dáil last year.
Chelsea Manning in Her Own Words
Chelsea Manning was sentenced to 35 years in prison in 2013 for leaking hundreds of thousands of documents into the public domain via WikiLeaks, exposing the true nature of the wars being waged in the Middle East and providing evidence of US war crimes. Calls for Manning’s release have been ongoing since her arrest in 2010.
Speaking at the time of her trial, Chelsea said:
I wanted the American public to know that not everyone in Iraq and Afghanistan were targets that needed to be neutralized, but rather people who were struggling to live.
The notorious Collateral Murder video leaked to WikiLeaks by Manning shows US military personnel in an Apache helicopter firing on and killing a group of civilians that included two Reuters employees. They also launched a second attack on one of the wounded men as he tried to crawl to safety and on a ‘Good Samaritan’ who had stopped his van to assist, killing both of them and critically injuring the man’s children who were in the van, all of this in blatant contravention of international law. Speaking about the attack during a pre-trial hearing, Chelsea (then known as Bradley) explained her reaction to the footage:
[T]he recording of audio comments by the aerial weapons team crew and the second engagement in the video of an unarmed bongo truck troubled me… The people in the van were not a threat but merely ‘good samaritans.’…
At one point in the video there is an individual on the ground attempting to crawl to safety. The individual is seriously wounded. Instead of calling for medical attention to the location, one of the aerial weapons team crew members verbally asks for the wounded person to pick up a weapon so that he can have a reason to engage.
For me, this seems similar to a child torturing ants with a magnifying glass.
In a recent interview with Amnesty International Chelsea said:
Every now and then you do come across a significant choice. Do you really want to find yourself asking whether you could have done more, 10-20 years later? These are the kinds of questions I didn’t want to haunt me.
Colm O’Gorman, Executive Director of Amnesty International Ireland who met Chelsea’s family in November 2013, spoke at the vigil:
Chelsea has become an extraordinary symbol of courage and conscience. Chelsea has paid an appalling price for exercising conscience and for standing up for truth, justice and human rights. That’s why Amnesty members across the world are mobilising to demand her release.
Irish Grassroots Solidarity
Irish supporters have been increasing their efforts to highlight the plight of the whistleblower following recent visits by Manning’s Welsh mother and other family members. According to Joe Murray from Afri, there is a strong Irish connection and this has helped mobilise considerable support in Ireland:
The Manning family hailed from Rathmines in Dublin (maternal grandfather and great-grandparents) and from Anascaul, county Kerry (paternal great-grandparents).
The Shannon Connection: End the US Military Use of Shannon Airport
Joe Murray continues:
Chelsea’s only time on Irish soil was as one of the two million U.S troops who have visited Shannon airport on a refuelling stop en route to the war in Iraq. Chelsea has shone a light on war crimes and we want to honour her for that. We also want to continue to highlight the ongoing military use of Shannon airport. This is particularly important given the new revelations that Ireland has facilitated illegal CIA torture flights.
Two of the TDs who attended Wednesday’s vigil – Mick Wallace and Clare Daly – were arrested at Shannon Airport back in July after attempting to inspect two US military aircraft on the runway to establish whether they were involved in military operations, carrying arms or engaged in other activity that contravenes the Irish Government’s stated policy of neutrality. At a court hearing in December, the case against Wallace and Daly was adjourned to 21 January when the TDs intend to contest the charges against them.
There is an ongoing and longstanding campaign against the use of the civilian airport at Shannon for US military purposes and the more evidence that comes out about CIA torture and rendition flights, the worse it looks in terms of Irish complicity and facilitation. Earlier this month, the Minister for Foreign Affairs Charlie Flanagan was forced to apologise and admit that his answers to four previous questions tabled in the House by Clare Daly, in which he had denied the presence of a military aircraft at Shannon in October, had been wrong and that the aircraft was at Shannon as claimed.
A number of the US diplomatic cables released by Manning and published by WikiLeaks refer to the use of Shannon by US military as this article by Harry Browne explains. From the cables, we learn that in the wake of the Pitstop Ploughshares acquittals, the Irish government was publicly supporting the independence of the judicial system while later privately telling the US it was prepared to change the law to prevent future acquittals for similar actions.
In the 2003 Pitstop Ploughshares action, five anti-war activists from Dublin Catholic Worker, including Manning supporter Ciaron O’Reilly, caused $2.5 million damage to a US Navy plane at Shannon Airport just before the start of the Iraq war.
Other of the cables show Irish officials bending over backwards to assist the US in its military use of Shannon and even seeking advice on legal arguments as to why they should not subject US military planes to police inspection as they pass through Shannon; these arguments might be coming under public scrutiny soon in the forthcoming court case against TDs Wallace and Daly which is all about the need for inspections.
Thanks to Chelsea Manning, we know that Irish politicians were turning a blind eye to the possibility that Shannon was being used for rendition flights. Although privately worried they might be caught lying if evidence of rendition flights was uncovered, they were paying more attention to how they could manage the PR situation than ensuring that they didn’t need to.
In some cables, US diplomats are complimentary about the efforts of the Irish government, in the face of public condemnation, to nevertheless assist the US in its military use of Shannon. Underlining the importance of Shannon to the Americans, in a 2006 cable following the Pitstop Ploughshares acquittal, US Ambassador to Ireland James Kenny described Shannon Airport as
a key transit point for U.S. troops and materiel bound for theaters in the war on terror
and access to Shannon Airport for military purposes as
among the most tangible benefits of traditionally strong U.S.-Irish relations.
However, it is clear from the same cable that, as a result of the increased scrutiny of US activities at Shannon in the wake of the acquittal, officials came very close to pulling out altogether, as expressed here by Kenny:
Embassy will diplomatically pursue the most workable arrangements possible with Irish officials, but we would appreciate Washington’s judgment as to whether the process of notification of almost everything of a military nature (including by contract carriers) through Shannon is becoming too difficult to make the airport a preferred transit stop.
So the Pitstop Ploughshares action very nearly put a stop to the military use of Shannon once and for all. Without Manning’s disclosures, we might never have known any of this, and having the information in the public domain makes it harder for the wool to be pulled over the eyes of the public next time round, as we are now seeing.
A Cake and Poem for Chelsea Manning
At the vigil, a special birthday cake was cut for Chelsea to mark her 27th birthday, her fifth spent in prison.
Ruairí McKiernan, whose birthday is also 17 December, read out a wonderful poem written for the occasion by Sarah Clancy in Galway.
You and whose army?
At 22 I wasn’t much more than a playground for ideas
other people fed me.
I was three years away from even being brave enough
to explore my own identity.
It was years more before I stopped that navel gazing
and took a quick look outwards
and I’m still failing to come to terms with that at forty,
but you, at that age could gather the courage
and the words to say that as a solitary soldier
washed up in an army of macho war porn and murder
you wouldn’t stand for it,
as a loner in a theatre of torn up conventions,
of water-boarding, of torture,
you wouldn’t stay silent.
At twenty two, a kid, and right in the thick of things
you made it clear you hadn’t been fooled
by the all pervasive culture that says
there are times when it’s AOK to re-name humans
as nuts and bolt collateral.
Chelsea when they charged you in the military court
you made no Nuremberg excuses
of how someone made you do it,
and you didn’t spout on about flags or orders or duty
at twenty five you could condemn
an army for its war crimes for
its murders of civilians and children
and you could act on it despite the consequences
you could reclaim the meanings for us
of words like courage and justice,
now that’s what I call service;
someday I hope your country (and ours!) will grow up and deserve it
happy 27th birthday Chelsea
lets hope that for your next one you’ll be free.
And P.S Edward Snowden, keep on running!
Photos in this report are by Derek Speirs and Colm O’Gorman. Video by Dave Donnellan.